Stokes & Sons: 1910 – 1936
This was again a period of transition for the defence forces and the monarchy, with another period of war.
Having taken over as monarch at age 58 years from his long-lived mother, Edward VII reigned for only a little over 9 years before his death on 6th May 1910. His son was crowned King George V on 22nd June 1911, and reigned for nearly 26 years. Both coronations resulted in new batches of buttons! Buttons for the Australian Commonwealth Military Forces and also the Royal Australian Artillery were made with the GVR cypher, but were soon superseded. They were probably only valid from 1911-1912 (see Cossum pages 30 and 31).
The defence forces were also in transition, with the initial structure abandoned in 1909, and a new scheme based on universal military service established from 1911. As a result, a new design button was issued.
With tensions rising in Europe, the department of Defence contracted Stoke & Sons to produce Commonwealth Pattern General Service (abbreviated as as C.P. G.S.) and artillery (C.P. R.A.A.) buttons in February 1914, even before the declaration of war in August. Further orders to Stokes for G.S. buttons were issued in 1917, 1918 and 1919.
This period saw the Commonwealth Naval Forces become the Royal Australian Navy in 1911. Stokes & Sons supplied RAN buttons in 1925.
In 1928 a new RAN button design was accepted.
The first airforce in 1912 was a branch of the army, the Australian Aviation Corps. In 1919-1920 it became the Australian Air Corps, then in 1921, separated from the Army, the Royal Australian Airforce.
Stokes & Sons provided the R.A.A.F. badges and buttons in 1929.
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