ARMY APPRENTICES SCHOOL
The Balcombe Army Camp at Mount Martha, Victoria was opened on 2nd June 1948 for boys from 15-17.5 years as a live-in school to undertake a 3 year Army trade qualification. In 1982 it was relocated to Latchford Barracks in Bongellia, near Wodonga. It closed in 1995.
The button below has no makers’ mark. It seems to be a composite of white metal and plastic.
The Australian Military Forces was the official name of the Army of Australia from 1916 to 1980, then afterwards known as the Australian Army.
AUSTRALIAN ARMY AVIATION CORPS
This corps was formed in 1968 to take over from the No.16 Army Light Aircraft Squadron form in 1960. it uses helicopters for troop lifting, fire support and reconnaissance.
AUSTRALIAN ARMY BAND CORPS
This corps was formed in 1968 and has full and part time bands to “provides band capability to ceremonial and training activities conducted by the Army and other services of the ADF in support of various Regal, Vice-Regal, federal, state, territory and local government agencies.” according to the Army website.
AUSTRALIAN ARMY CATERING CORP
This corp in, not surprisingly, responsible for the preparing and serving of food. Prior to 1939, the role of cook was a despised and lowly role, with poor quality food the result. In 1939 Sir Cedric Staton Hicks recognised the problem and set about improving the quality of supplies, the quality of equipment, and the quality of cooks. The later he achieved by raising their status, pay and training against considerable opposition, and in 1943 the Corps was raised with Hicks as the first director.
Post WW2 the Corps came under the control of the Royal Australian Army Service Corps until its disbanding in 1973. During 1990s there was outsourcing of training, and a reduction in numbers with the future of the Corps in doubt, but it continues to this day.
AUSTRALIAN ARMY EDUCATION CORPS
This corps has provided education and training with this officer only corps since 1949. it was granted the Royal prefix in 1960. it took over from the Australian Army Education Service, and the earlier Australian Army Education Scheme.
AUSTRALIAN ARMY INTELLIGENCE CORPS
The current Corps was formed in 1939 and has been allied with its British counterparts since 1950. Its duties include intelligence, security, passport control, rail, air and shipping security, censorship, prisoner of war interrogation and data compilation.
The insignia, modeled on the British version, has a red and white Tudor rose flanked by laurel leaves.
AUSTRALIAN ARMY PSYCHOLOGY CORPS
According to the Army; “The Australian Army Psychology Corps provides support to Army on operations and in garrison, in the areas of specialist selection assessment, individual psychological assessment and counselling, advice to commanders on mental health issues, specialist training support, critical incident mental health support, psychology research and operational mental health screening.” It was formed in 1952, replacing the AA Psychology Service that had been in operation from 1949.
AUSTRALIAN MILITARY FORCES
The Australian Military Forces (AMF) was the official name of the Army of Australia from 1916 to 1980.
THE BYRON SCOTTISH REGIMENT
Precursors of this regiment had been formed in 1916, and before that from the Maclean Company and Byron Company of Scottish Rifles formed in 1899. A large number of Scots had settled around Grafton, Byron Bay and Maclean.
Post WW1 the Battalion went through amalgamations and splitting, disbanding and reforming until in 1960 in became the ‘E'(Bryon Scottish) Company, 1st battalion, Royal Queensland regiment. It is now an infantry Battalion of the Army Reserve, the 41st Royal New South Wales Regiment, which retains the right to wear a kilt because of the linage from the Byron Scottish Regiment.
ROYAL ARMY SERVICE CORPS
In 1886 an “Ordnance and Commissariat and Transport Corps of Victoria” was raised. In 1889 the ordnance function of this corps ceased. A similar corps was started in New South Wales in 1891. In both states the corps evolved into Army Service Corps then soon after federation the Australian Army Service Corps (AASC) was formed.
The Corps served in WW1, WW2, The Occupation of Japan, the Malayan Emergency, Korea and Vietnam. Despite the importance of supply to an Army in the field, after WW1 the Corps was neglected, with lack of training, men and resources. During WW2, they played an active role in the defense of Tobruk. The Royal prefix was bestowed on 31st December 1948. The Corps was disbanded on 31st may 1973 with a new corps taking over road, transport, air dispatch and postal duties; the Royal Australian Corps of Transport. The Royal Australian Army Ordnance Corps took over provision of foodstuffs and fuel.
ROYAL AUSTRALIAN AIR FORCE
3 versions of RAAF buttons by Stokes & Sons.The bird is meant to be a Wedge-tailed eagle. Now this is Wedge-tailed eagle …
Compare with the King’s crown version:
The older buttons have the profile side on, whereas the newer have the eaglefacing towards the viewer, with less emphases on the body and neck. Most of them don’t get the wedge shaped tail at all. The gilt QE button looks more like a pea-hen than an eagle to me …
Canada and New Zealand have similar insignias for their airforces. In Canada it is meant to be a Golden eagle, in new Zealand a Haast eagle. They too have funny looking eagles on some of their buttons!
ROYAL AUSTRALIAN ARMY ARMOURED CORPS
Australian Tank Corps was formed in 1928. In 1941 it became the Australian Army Armoured Corps. Due to the changing times, the Light Horse were absorbed into this corps. The oyal prefix was received in 1948.
ROYAL AUSTRALIAN ARMY CHAPLAINS DEPARTMENT
This is a non-combatant, all officer department with Christian and Jewish Chapalains to minister to army personnel. The Royal designation dates from 1948.
ROYAL AUSTRALIAN ARMY MEDICAL CORPS
ROYAL AUSTRALIAN ARMY DENTAL CORPS
Prior to 1943 dentists were part of the Australian Army Medical Corps. The Corps gained the Royal prefix in 1948. (I guess dragons need good teeth to fight.)
ROYAL AUSTRALIAN ARMY NURSING CORPS
Formed in 1951 from the preceeding Royal Australian Army Nursing Service that had existed from 1903 due to the success of nurses that served during the Boer War (Australian Army Nursing Service). The Royal designation was given in 1948.
ROYAL AUSTRALIAN ARTILLERY
The Royal Australian Artillery took over post Federation from the colonial artillery units. It 1962 became the Royal Regiment of Australian Artillery.
ROYAL AUSTRALIAN CORPS of MILITARY POLICE
This corps was formed in 1916 as the Australian Army Provost Corps, disbanded post war then reformed for WW2. the name changed in 1974. According to Wikipedia, It is responsible for battlefield traffic control, security duties, prisoner of war handling, the investigation of service offences, maintaining discipline and the running of military prisons.
ROYAL AUSTRALIAN ELECTRICAL and MECHANICAL ENGINEERS (RAEME)
The Royal of Australian Electrical and Mechanical Engineers is a corps of the Australian Army that has responsibility for the maintenance and recovery of all Army electrical and mechanical equipment. It was form in 1942 from the combined repair services of the Ordninace and Service Corps. It was given the Royal prefix in 1948 His Majesty King George VI. On 1 December 2006, the last independent RAEME Workshop was disbanded. RAEME soldiers continue in their role to provide support through attachment to other units in Tech Support Troops, Sections or Platoons.
ROYAL AUSTRALIAN ENGINEERS
The RAE was formed from the merging of the colonial engineer corps in 1902. They provide engineering, construction and technical support to the defence forces.
ROYAL AUSTRALIAN INFANTRY CORPS
Established in 1948, this is the parent corps of all the infantry regiments, and the major combat element of the army. Queen Elizabeth II is the Colonel-in-Chief.
ROYAL AUSTRALIAN NAVY
ROYAL AUSTRALIAN SURVEY CORPS
The Royal Australian Survey Corps was formed in 1915 to perform the surveying and mapping required by the military. It was integrated with the Royal Australian Engineers in 1996.
3rd /9th LIGHT HORSE/SOUTH AUSTRALIAN MOUNTED RIFLES
Formed in 1948 to carry on the tradition to South Australia’s previous Light Horse Regiments. It has gone through armour, anti-tank, cavalry and light cavalry incarnations, and was reduced to a squadron in 1976.
8th/13th VICTORIAN MOUNTED RIFLES
This was a armoured regiment of the Australian Army reserve from 1948 until 1992 when it was merged with 4th/19th Prince of Wales Light Horse.
WOMEN’S ROYAL AUSTRALIAN ARMY CORPS (WRAAC)
In WW2 the Australian Women’s Army Service was raised. Many senior personnel from this transferred to the WRAAC in 1951, which was raised in response to the shortage of manpower that occurred due to the Korean conflict and also a period of full employment. Recruitment started in 1953. The women were trained separately, but could be deployed either to WRAAC units or male units. It was disbanded in 1984 as women had begun to be integrated into the general army from the late 1970s.