Thanks to Noble Numismatics for these interesting images of Tasmanian colonial police uniform buttons.
Tasmanian Police Forces
Tasmania had a chequered history with regards to policing. Convict watchmen were replaced by military patrols, then by martial law and increasing numbers of constables, but crimes and bush-ranging were out of control. In 1828 Lt-Governor Arthur established 9 police districts with centralised control in Hobart. However, as most police were convicts there were abuses of power and so around 1858 the people demanded a decentralised system with non-convict police. Twenty Municipal councils controlled their own police, non-municipal areas were divided into 8 policing districts. As councils wished to reduce costs, this lead to poor police wages and/or reduced police numbers. It also meant that there was uneven policing as councillors expected favourable treatment! The councils relinquished control, and in 1898 a Police Regulation Act created a state wide force under a commissioner and answerable to Parliament.
Launceston Municipal Police
Hobart City Police.
Hobart also had a municipal police force from 1858-1898.
Port Arthur Police
This existed from 1858 until 1898.
Tasmania Police Force