46th Regiment of Foot (South Devonshire)
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The first detachment set off as escorts for convicts bond for New South Wales in August 1813, to replace the 73rd in NSW and Tasmania.
Whilst in Van Diemen’s Land, they had orders to suppress a gang of bushrangers.
In 1816, (after crimes such as the murder of a farming couple and theft of pigs), they were required by Governor Macquarie to kill, terrorise and take as prisoners as many aboriginals as possible in the Nepean, Hawkesbury and Grose River valleys of NSW, although that was not the way it was described in the news …
They left NSW in September 1817 and Hobart in June 1818, bound for India. However, There were still members of the 46th during 1819-1828 bring convicts to Australia.